just war

just war
   The tradition dating back to classical and medieval literature that in certain cases it is ethically right to wage war and would be ethically wrong not so to do. Initially a Christian tradition dating back to the conversion of Emperor Constantine to Christianity in the fourth century, the idea has support from the world’s other great ethical traditions. Augustine, bishop of Hippo in North Africa, initiated just-war thinking in the Christian West when he wrote that he did not approve of killing in order to defend his own life but that it was right for public functionaries responsible for ‘the defence of others’ to do so when necessary.
   The presumption among supporters of just-war theory is that war is an evil but sometimes it is necessary to fight, although fighting should be limited to the minimum necessary to achieve the desired goal. There is no definitive set of criteria for a just war but it is usual to distinguish between war decision criteria (whether war is justified, jus ad bellum) and war conduct criteria (how war should be fought, jus in bello), both of which must apply for hostilities to be deemed to be just. War decision criteria include: legitimate authority; a just cause; right intention; a reasonable prospect of success; likelihood that the war will lead to a just peace; and last resort. War conduct criteria include proportionality and discrimination (not intentionally harming innocent citizens). International law follows the just war jus in bello tradition in the limits it places on certain modes of warfare via the Hague and Geneva conventions.

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Just War — theory is a doctrine of military ethics of Roman philosophical and Catholic origin [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/war/ The first philosophers of just war were Aristotle and Cicero, and the first theologians St. Augustine and St. Thomas… …   Wikipedia

  • just war — As widely used, a term referring to any war between states that meets generally accepted international criteria of justification. The concept of just war invokes both political and theological ideology, as it promotes a peaceful resolution and… …   Law dictionary

  • just war — ▪ international law       notion that the resort to armed force (jus ad bellum) is justified under certain conditions; also, the notion that the use of such force (jus in bello) should be limited in certain ways. Just war is a Western concept and …   Universalium

  • just war — The doctrine that a state may justly go to war for some restricted reasons, which are centrally those of self defence, and the rescue of another state from an aggressor. Problems include deciding whether self defence may be broadened from defence …   Philosophy dictionary

  • just war — war that is supported by the citizens of a nation because the opponent is clearly wrong or evil …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Just War (Doctor Who) — Doctorwhobook title=Just War series=Virgin New Adventures number=46 featuring=Seventh Doctor Benny, Chris, Roz writer=Lance Parkin publisher=Virgin Books isbn=ISBN 0 426 20463 8 set between= pages=272 date=January 1996 preceding=… …   Wikipedia

  • just war theory — Set of conditions under which a resort to war is morally legitimate (jus ad bellum); also, rules for the moral conduct of war (jus in bello). Among the proposed conditions for the just resort to war are that the cause be just (e.g., self defense… …   Universalium

  • just war — /dʒʌst ˈwɔ/ (say just waw) noun a war perceived as being ethically justified, in terms of its cause, purpose, rules under which it is conducted, etc.; in Christianity, especially in Roman Catholicism, such a concept has allowed the killing of the …  

  • just war —    See war, just …   Glossary of theological terms

  • just war — n. a war that is deemed to be morally or theologically justifiable Origin: translation of Latin ‘bellum justum’ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”